Struggle to tackle tough issues and move forward-a review of Guangdong's ecological environment protection in 2019
Time of issue:2020-01-19
Struggle to tackle tough issues and move forward-a review of Guangdong's ecological environment protection in 2019
Time of issue:2020-01-19
The province's annual average concentration of PM2.5 is 27 micrograms/cubic meter, which is a record low since the implementation of the new air quality standard in 2013; 21 prefecture-level cities have achieved full compliance with the listed PM2.5 standard for the first time.
The province's GDP exceeded 10 trillion yuan for the first time, ranking first in the country for 31 consecutive years. One high and one low, this is the strongest sound played by Guangdong's green development in the new era!
The number of excellent surface water sections in the National Examination has increased by 3 year-on-year, and the number of sections inferior to Grade V decreased by 4 year-on-year. One rise and one fall, this is the epitome and achievement of Guangdong's efforts to combat pollution in the past year!
2019 is destined to be an extraordinary year for my country's economic and social development, and it is also a crucial year for pollution control. Guangdong thoroughly implements Jinping’s ecological civilization thought and General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech and important instructions to Guangdong, and promotes the province’s ecological environmental protection work and ecological civilization construction to achieve new results.
Scientific planning, strengthening services, and promoting high-quality economic development
With a huge economic volume of nearly 10 trillion, the pressure on the environment itself is self-evident. In the face of downward pressure on the economy, how to effectively promote the coordinated development of the economic environment is a test of development concepts, capabilities and levels.
To promote high-quality development in Guangdong, we must do a good job of ecological civilization! In October 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech during the inspection of Guangdong pointed out the direction for Guangdong. The Party Central Committee and the State Council also sent a "gift" for the high-quality development of Guangdong-the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and support for Shenzhen to build a pilot demonstration zone for socialism with Chinese characteristics.
It is an opportunity and a great trust. It is a challenge and a mission! Guangdong firmly seizes the opportunity of the “dual-zone driving effect” in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and Shenzhen Pilot Demonstration Zone, and at the same time, it is determined based on the actual situation to promote Guangzhou to realize the new vitality of the old city and build a “one core”. The new strategy of "One Belt, One District" regional development has promoted Guangdong to a new level from a new starting point.
Guided by the new development concept, scientific planning, optimization of the layout, and the "first move" of ecological and environmental protection have become pragmatic measures for Guangdong to promote high-quality economic development with high-level ecological environmental protection in the new era. Benchmarking the highest, the best, and the best at home and abroad, "green development, ecological protection" has become one of the five basic principles of cooperation in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and "Sustainable Development Pioneer" has also become one of the five strategic positioning of Shenzhen's pioneering demonstration zone. According to the new regional development pattern of "one core, one belt and one district", five cities including Shaoguan, Meizhou, Qingyuan, Heyuan, and Yunfu have been identified as northern ecological development areas, focusing on protecting and restoring the ecological environment and providing ecological products as the primary task.
▲The beautiful ecological environment of Shaoguan
The strong are stronger and the best are better, each with its own characteristics and complement each other, forming a regional pattern of high-quality development. This not only injects strong impetus into Guangdong's high-quality development, but also provides a solid guarantee for Guangdong's sustainable development!
Over the past year, Guangdong's ecological and environmental protection work has made every effort to promote the implementation of major development regional strategies. Organize the preparation of "three lines and one order", strengthen the construction of the ecological environment zoning management and control system, and ensure the smooth implementation of provincial and municipal major engineering projects and emerging industry projects. Promote the accelerated preparation and implementation of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area's ecological environmental protection plan, and promote the construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao air pollution prevention and control pilot demonstration zones, "no waste" pilot zones, blue bays, and low-carbon development demonstration zones. Establish a working mechanism for special affairs and special affairs, and in accordance with the principle of “decentralization of everything that can be delegated”, delegate provincial ecological environment management authority to Shenzhen and Guangzhou, and promote the pilot construction of Shenzhen’s national “waste-free city” and Guangzhou’s national low-carbon city pilot Construction, to promote the creation of a national ecological civilization construction demonstration zone in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration.
"Each enterprise is not only the entity of economic development, but also the main body of pollution control. I hope everyone can speak freely and jointly promote the green development of our province to achieve a "win-win" economy and development!"
On the morning of November 11, a face-to-face symposium was held for Guangdong Province's ecological environment service companies. The brief and heart-warming opening remarks suddenly narrowed the distance between government officials and business representatives. In the three-hour agenda, the heads of the participating government departments had sincere and effective interactions with more than 60 heads of foreign-funded, private enterprises and some industry associations.
"In the face of the current economic growth pressure, how to help companies solve specific problems and promote high-quality development? The activities of the Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment today are very meaningful!" The person in charge of the Provincial Council for the Promotion of International Trade commented on the spot.
In order to provide good services to enterprises, the Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment has successively held 5 "Send laws and regulations, send technology and send services to enterprises" in the past year, and held the Guangdong Province pollution prevention and control battle treatment technology, equipment, and service exhibition exchange matchmaking meeting. , And the Provincial Federation of Industry and Commerce jointly signed the "Cooperation Agreement on Jointly Promoting the Green Development of Private Enterprises and Fighting the Tough Battle of Pollution Prevention and Control."
▲From June 10th to 16th, held in Dongguan City, the Guangdong Province Pollution Prevention and Control Strategy, Equipment and Service Exhibition and Exchange Matchmaking Conference
In order to further deepen the reform of “decentralization, management and service” and optimize the business environment, the Provincial Department of Eco-Environment has issued 8 “hard measures” to deepen corporate ecological environment supervision services, requesting the province’s ecological environment system to intensify environmental assessment reforms and achieve greater "Release"; standardize environmental law enforcement actions to achieve more precise "management"; improve the level of environmental government services to achieve more effective "service."
This year, the provincial Department of Ecology and Environment reduced the time limit for processing environmental review approval from 60 days to 15 working days, and reduced 53 administrative approval items, with the reduction ratio reaching 64%.
Foshan City integrates internally and connects externally to achieve "at most one run" for construction units; implement the notification commitment system. Enterprises outside the negative list approved by the environmental assessment and that meet the environmental assessment conclusions of the reform area (planning) can implement the notification commitment system, and the approval time limit is shortened to 9 It will be completed within 7 working days (including 7 days for public announcement). If there is no objection or the objection is not established at the expiration of the publicity period, the examination and approval decision shall be made directly.
Dongguan changed the environmental impact registration form from the approval system to the online filing system. From January to November, each town and street applied for 207,384 business licenses. After preliminary screening, 58109 EIA procedures were required. The number of enterprises has been notified to 56098. After verification, 35,804 companies that need to go through EIA procedures have completed 34,597 EIA procedures, including 26,886 registration forms.
Reducing pre-approval means strengthening post-mortem supervision, in particular, severely cracking down on subjective and malicious illegal platooning. In 2019, Guangdong Province punished 16,600 cases of environmental violations, with a fine of 1.48 billion yuan, transferred 484 administrative detention cases, and transferred 388 suspected environmental crime cases, ranking top in the country.
Among them, the amount of fines and confiscation of illegal income in Dongguan exceeded 377 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 38.8%, ranking first in the province. There were 4,282 environmental administrative penalties in the city, and environmental crime cases of seizure, administrative detention, and transfer of environmental crimes increased by 61.9%, 550%, and 89.5% respectively. The strength of environmental law enforcement can be seen. At the end of the year, the city implemented a new policy for rewarded reporting of up to 500,000 yuan in Shima River, which is even more cause for concern.
"We are investigating and prosecuting enterprises that violate environmental laws. This is protection for the majority of environmentally abiding enterprises, and it is also the need to create a fair, orderly, and rule-of-law market environment." The relevant person in charge of the Dongguan Municipal Ecological Environment Bureau pointed out.
Strict law enforcement brings positive effects. Statistics show that in 2019, the city's ecological environment system received 28,000 complaints of various environmental issues, a decrease of 6.6% year-on-year. It was the first time in many years to achieve a reduction in pressure reduction, and the effectiveness of environmental supervision and law enforcement was beginning to show. The problem rate of enterprises in the special action has dropped from 79.2% to 49%, a substantial reduction has been achieved, the conscious awareness of corporate compliance with the law has been strengthened, and the strengthening of environmental self-discipline has gradually formed a consensus.
▲The Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment and the Provincial Public Security Department's special action against illegal transfer of waste engine oil
Face the difficulties, focus on cohesion, and fight the tough battle for pollution prevention and control
On December 4, the water quality of 18 key surface water sections in Guangdong Province was "floating blue"!
Even if it is a surprise, it is enough to make people inside and outside the WeChat work circle excited and booing! "This day is not easy! I have waited for a year!" "Unexpectedly, there will be such a day. It can really float blue across the board!" "We want more blue next year!"...
▲Daily report on water quality of 18 surface water sections in Guangdong Province on December 4, 2019
Monitoring data shows that in a single month in December, Guangdong’s 9 sections with grade V inferior to 8 have been eliminated. The comprehensive pollution index of Maozhou River, Lianjiang, Danshui River, and Shima River National Examination Sections decreased by 35.2%, 34.7% and respectively. 45.1% and 30.9%, laying a good foundation for the 2020 full-year compliance.
Back in time more than a year ago, when General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected Guangdong, he pointed out that Guangdong still had 9 sections that were inferior to the Grade V national examinations, and the ecological debts had to be made up.
Yin Yin entrusted him with long hopes, keeping in mind, and turning it into an invincible force. The Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and the Governor jointly issued the "Order No. 1" of the Pollution Prevention and Control Battle Command Headquarters, taking the lead in taking the heaviest burden, gnawing the hardest bones, focusing on the cross-sections that are inferior to Category V national examinations, and going all-out to fight the tough battle against water.
“When I moved here seven years ago, the Maozhou River was a stinking ditch.” Aunt Wang, who lives in Zhonghe Community, Maozhou Riverside, Bao'an District, Shenzhen, recalled. But now the water has become clean, and parks and trails have been built on both sides of the bank. It’s beautiful, and I have to take a walk by the river every day."
The "evolution" of the Maozhou River is the epitome of the historic turning point in Shenzhen's water control in 2019. The water quality of the two national examination sections in the city has achieved a historic breakthrough-the ammonia nitrogen of the national examination section of Maozhou River Gonghe Village has dropped from 23.3mg/L in 2015 to 3.9mg/L in 2019, and it dropped to 2mg/L in November and December. Below L, it has reached the best level since 1992; the annual average value of the Shenzhen River has reached the surface water level V, which is the best level since 1982. The city's 159 black and smelly water bodies and 1467 small black and smelly water bodies are all black and smelly.
▲2019 Shenzhen Baoan Maozhou River Dragon Boat Race
Since the full declaration of war on water pollution in 2016, Shenzhen has invested nearly 120 billion yuan in water control for four years and made up for nearly 40 years of historical debts. In the past four years, Shenzhen has built 6,274 kilometers of sewage pipe networks, and completed 13,793 rain and sewage diversion transformations in communities and urban villages.
In tackling water problems, Shenzhen insisted on the leadership of the party and government to take care of it personally, forming a water governance mechanism that links up and down, and co-manages together. In the "Decisive Year of Water Pollution Control" in 2019, water control has become the task of the city's main leaders who "spend the most time, grass-roots investigations, meetings and research, and repeated emphasis". The district secretaries and district heads have also gone deep into the front line, dear to the water control work, and become "water control experts". At the same time, we insist on co-construction, co-governance and sharing to form a good atmosphere of opening the door to water management and protecting water for the whole people. More than 50 domestic first-class institutions were gathered to form the Shenzhen Water Control and Quality Improvement Technology Alliance, and 702 volunteer river chiefs and 120,000 volunteer river protection teams of "He Xiao Er" were formed to jointly protect and improve the water environment.
"It's really changed. I can't recognize it anymore." On the afternoon of December 3 last year, at the gate of the village committee of the village of Rao Xixi, a tributary of the Lianjiang River, a correspondent reporter who had been inspected by the inspection team and is now "revisiting the old place", They all marveled at the changes in this river before their eyes. The old illegal building complex has disappeared, and the newly repaired embankment has been planted with flowers. The surface of the water is clean, and it is difficult to find "trace" of all kinds of rubbish on the water and on both sides of the strait in the past.
"From'speaking but not practicing' to'doing hard work'" "The water quality of the river has changed drastically in one year!" "How can a river that has been'abandoned' become a model sample of the central environmental protection inspector?"...Xinhua News Agency, People The daily newspapers, China Central Television and other central media have reported on Shantou's Lianjiang remediation experience. For more than a year, 14 party and government leaders in Shantou City have undertaken the management of 15 major tributaries in the river basin, and stationed on-site offices at least once a month. The newly built sewage pipeline network in the basin is 840.13 kilometers, which exceeds the total construction of the city over the years.
"The river doesn't smell anymore. The rent for a single room by the river has increased from more than 200 yuan to 500 yuan." Mr. Liu, who lives by the edge of Tangjingsha in Guangzhou's Baiyun District, said happily.
Walking along the edge of the Tangjingsha creek, the shallow river water has no black and odor, and clusters of water plants are full of vitality. Who would have thought that a few months ago, the river was still covered with cement boards, and underneath was an underdrain that contained sewage and dirt.
"If you cover it, you don't need to see it, you don't need to fix it." "Uncovering will affect the parking of the masses"... Faced with a lot of fears and doubts, Guangzhou City is determined to implement cover and recovery. Yong, "Never let an inch of black and smelly water hide in the darkness."
In September, the overwhelming Shayong uncovering project officially started. Fifteen days later, the uncovering of Tangjing Shayong was successfully completed, with a total of 10,755 square meters uncovered. After dredging and blocking sewage outlets, the water quality of Tangjing Shayong has reached the standard of non-blackness and odor.
With determination, there is power! In 2019, Guangzhou and Foshan will work together to tackle the difficulties and accelerate the construction of rain and sewage diversion and water treatment facilities. At that time, the water quality of the Yagang section of the Guangfo cross-border waterway was stabilized and eliminated from being inferior to Category V, and the "skip" was upgraded to Category IV.
In the treatment of transboundary rivers, the Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment has established a coordination mechanism for pollution remediation in key river basins such as Maozhou River, Guangfo transboundary river, and Danshui River. Once a month, all parties convene a coordination meeting to coordinate the management of upstream and downstream, left and right bank systems in the basin. Aiming at the 18 key areas to be tackled, the “One River, One Map, One Table” and “One City, One Policy, One Special Class” work system was established. The business office will go to the local city to carry out on-site supervision services every month to guide and help the city to solve the problem. The actual problem.
Treat poor water and keep it well. In 2019, Guangdong deepened the joint prevention and joint governance of regional pollution, and signed a framework agreement on joint pollution prevention and joint governance with 8 provinces (regions) including Fujian, and continued to promote cross-provincial ecological compensation. Guangdong has allocated nearly 1 billion yuan in compensation funds to Guangxi, Fujian, and Jiangxi. , To promote the obvious improvement of the upstream water quality of Dongjiang, Hanjiang, Jiuzhoujiang and other upstream rivers. At the same time, the task of rectifying environmental problems in 487 county-level drinking water source protection areas has been basically completed, and the safety of people’s "water tanks" has been maintained.
As the water quality of once-foul rivers gradually clears, the course of Guangdong's water control "mind" is also quietly changing, from impossible to possible, from lack of confidence to full of confidence. In the lively practice of facing difficulties and fighting back to water, Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought took root and blossomed in the land of southern Guangdong!
19 micrograms/cubic meter! As the location of a world-class port, Yantian District of Shenzhen has vigorously promoted the construction of a green and low-carbon port and built 6 marine shore power systems to guard the "Shenzhen Blue" with "Marine Blue". Since the completion of the shore power system, the cumulative total time of providing shore power services to ships calling at the port has exceeded 9,600 hours, and the amount of fuel replaced is approximately 7.5 million liters, which is equivalent to reducing 9400 tons of carbon dioxide.
The "first mover" shifted gears and accelerated, and the "late mover" caught up. As a city that did not meet the PM2.5 standard in 2018, Zhaoqing has adopted the closed-loop management of the pollution prevention and control system of "monitoring data can be used comprehensively, supervision and law enforcement have a real grasp, and governance effects can be quantified", and implemented refined tracking management of atmospheric environmental governance. Qingyuan City has set up a column of "Red and Black List of Ecological Environment" in local TV stations and daily newspapers. It has successively published 13 issues of Red and Black List and exposed 18 issues, effectively promoting road and construction dust pollution control. In 2019, the air quality improvement of the two cities ranked fourth and second in the province, and PM2.5 reached the standard for the first time, both at 32 micrograms/cubic meter.
The deeper you enter, the more difficult it becomes. Experts pointed out that compared with other regions in the country, Guangdong's gas control has entered the low-level emission reduction and deep-water tackling stage ahead of schedule. Even if it reduces PM2.5 by 1 microgram/cubic meter, it will take several times or even ten times more effort than before. In order to bite the hard "hard bones", all localities have vigorously strengthened the "scattered pollution" and industrial furnace pollution control, strengthened the prevention and control of mobile source pollution, and implemented coordinated control of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and nitrogen oxides.
See rainbow after wind and rain. Guangdong, which has experienced twists and turns, continues to take the lead. The province’s six major pollutant indicators have reached the standard for five consecutive years. The average concentration of PM2.5 has dropped to 27 micrograms/m3, and 21 prefecture-level cities have listed PM2.5 for the first time. To achieve all standards; 7 cities including Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Huizhou, Shantou, Heyuan, Shanwei, Maoming, etc. PM2.5 dropped to 25 micrograms/cubic meter (World Health Organization second-level standards).
With the operation of the four major hazardous waste comprehensive disposal centers in the "Central, South, West and North", Jiangmen City completed the construction of solid waste treatment and disposal facilities assigned by the province one year ahead of schedule at the end of 2019. The city's newly added hazardous waste collection and processing capacity is 250,000 tons/year, which effectively guarantees the high-quality economic and social development of Jiangmen City.
Over the past year, with the opportunity of the central government's special inspection of solid waste for environmental protection, Guangdong has arranged 1 billion yuan in capital injection of large state-owned backbone enterprises to accelerate the construction of the regional solid waste disposal center project. Of the 49 solid waste projects included in the battle for pollution prevention and control, 21 have been completed and 21 have started. The province’s newly increased hazardous waste incineration, landfill and other non-hazardous disposal capacity is 300,600 tons per year, and the newly increased hazardous waste utilization and disposal capacity is 1,269,200 tons per year, accounting for 21.7% of the total approved capacity.
In addition, the central environmental inspector’s feedback problem rectification was promoted with high standards. Of the 105 rectification tasks, 47 of the establishment and reform tasks were completed as a whole, and 58 long-term rectification tasks continued to advance; 10,477 petition cases have been completed, with a resolution rate of 99.97%, and rectification The work was affirmed by the South China Inspection Bureau of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Reform and innovation, orderly and effective, improve the modernization of environmental governance
Carry out 7 topics of concentrated study and discussion, write 13 work research reports, and list 15 key rectification problems...
In-depth investigations and inspections at the grassroots level, and effective advancement of rectification work one after another, were carried out by the Guangdong Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment from July to September last year in combination with actual work, problem-oriented and goal-oriented, and effectively carried out "not forgetting the original intention and keeping in mind the mission." A true portrayal of thematic education.
The Department of Ecology and Environment of Guangdong Province continues to promote a comprehensive and strict governance of the party, go deep and practical, always pay attention to the service center and guarantee the overall situation, and require the full play of the role of the party branch as a battle fortress and the vanguard and exemplary role of party members and cadres to serve the whole province. Ecological and environmental protection work provides a strong political guarantee and organizational guarantee.
Establish a "1+4" ecological environmental protection monitoring system composed of the Provincial Ecological Environmental Protection Supervision Office and 4 regional commissioners' offices. With the approval of the Central Organization Office, the country’s only deputy department-level provincial ecological environment monitoring agency was established.
Appointed a group of good cadres who wanted to serve, will serve, and succeed in pollution prevention and control and the central environmental protection inspection, optimized the structure of the department’s cadre team, established a clear employment orientation for executives and entrepreneurs, and created a pioneering competition for excellence. Good working atmosphere.
As a new institution that emerged in the reform of national institutions, the Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment insists on reform and innovation, strives to improve the modernization of the environmental governance system and governance capabilities, and strives to create a new situation in various work.
——Improve the system of regulations and standards for the ecological environment. Promulgation and implementation of rural domestic sewage treatment discharge standards and boiler, glass industry, ceramic industry air pollutant discharge standards, leading to improve the pollution control level of related industries. The Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment was rated as outstanding in the “Whoever Enforces Laws and Popularizes the Law” activities of provincial agencies.
▲The Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment was awarded the excellent evaluation in the performance report of “Whoever enforces the law” of the state organs of Guangdong Province in 2019
——Innovate market mechanisms in the field of ecological and environmental protection. Approximately 249 emission-control companies in six major industries, including steel, petrochemical, electric power, cement, aviation, and paper, which account for about 65% of the province’s carbon emissions, were included in carbon emission management, with a compliance rate of 99.2%. The province’s carbon market has accumulatively traded 136 million tons of carbon emission quotas and a turnover of 2.64 billion yuan, ranking first in the country.
——Intensively promote the construction of the ecological environment government affairs system. Accelerate the reform of "digital government", build a smart cloud platform for the ecological environment, and in-depth advance the construction of the "Internet + supervision" system, with the qualification rate of regulatory data and the coverage rate of matters reaching 100%. Promote the standardization of government service items. The proportion of administrative licensing items that are processed will reach 36%, and the promised time limit compression ratio will reach 78%. All application-related matters can be handled online, and the handling depth has reached Level IV.
——Continue to strengthen the construction of ecological environment monitoring network. The authority to monitor the air quality of 121 districts and counties was completed, and 7 automatic water quality monitoring stations were awarded the first batch of national "most beautiful water stations". 11 nationally controlled atmospheric radiation automatic monitoring stations and the first provincial-level "electromagnetic environment management and monitoring platform for communication base stations" in China have been built. The detailed investigation of the soil pollution status of 32623 points on agricultural land and the first phase investigation of 9452 enterprise land were completed, and a soil environment monitoring network covering all counties (cities, districts) of the province was established. The South China Regional Air Quality Prediction and Forecast Center and the Soil Sample Preparation and Circulation Center were completed and put into operation. In the second national environmental monitoring competition, the Guangdong team won first place in all four awards, fully demonstrating the strength and style of the Guangdong Ecological Environmental Monitoring Iron Army.
▲Guangdong won the first place in all four awards in the 2nd National Environmental Monitoring Competition
——Strengthen the construction of the national environmental protection action system. Coordinate and plan the pattern of environmental protection missions, and actively explore new ideas and measures for environmental missions. Carefully organize the 6th Five-Year Environment Day series of activities and the 8th Guangdong Environmental Culture Festival, and actively promote green creation and open environmental protection facilities to the public. In 2019, the three levels of province, city, and county (district) will be coordinated with the participation of the government, enterprises, and the public, and nearly 200 thematic publicity and practice activities will be carefully organized to vigorously promote the environmental awareness of the whole people.
▲Environmental protection facilities are open to the public to promote the resolution of the "neighborhood effect"
History is moving forward, the times are calling, and the people are looking forward to it. At the beginning of the new year, the Guangdong Pollution Prevention and Control Strategy Command No. 1 issued in 2020, sounding the charge of decisive battle against pollution in 2020. Time doesn't wait for me, just seize the day. All regions and departments in the province will continue to implement the Jinping Ecological Civilization Thought and the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech and important instructions to Guangdong. With the confidence and determination to win a decisive battle, we will resolutely win the battle against pollution prevention and build a well-off society in an all-round way. The society makes new and greater contributions!
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